Contribution to discussion

We welcome comrades' participation in discussion with the ICC, either in the comments on our own articles or in more extensive written contributions which we will publish here.

A reply to Link: The ICC as a Fraction

The first part of our reply to Link’s ICC forum posts was on the ICC’s 40 year balance sheet of its existence. This second part concentrates on the problem of the Fraction and the article in the International Review ‘The ICC as a Fraction’.

Book Review - The Alternative to Capitalism

The alternative to capitalism is published by Theory and Practice whose website contains a broad range of texts from political currents such as the SPGB, left communism and situationism. The book contains essays by Adam Buick and John Crump which were first published in 1986 and 1987. It’s not presented as an official publication of the SPGB, although the book was sent to us for review by comrades who are members of the organisation.

Reading notes on science and marxism

We are publishing an article originally written as part of the ICC's own discussions on the relationship between marxism and science. It aims to bring together some of Marx and Engels thoughts on the subject, with modern scientific and historical analysis of science, and concludes with a brief critical examination of the ideas of Karl Popper.

The deteriorating material situation of the working class

This is an extract from a text prepared for a recent internal meeting of the ICC’s section in Britain. The article clearly shows the increasing level of attacks that workers are faced with.

Socialism Lost: The hopes of the Marxist movement of the past

 Extracts from a text by H. Canne-Mejer

 

Texts on the state in the period of transition

The platform of the ICC contains the essential acquisitions of the workers’ movement concerning the conditions and content of the communist revolution. These acquisitions can be summarized as follows:

a) All hitherto existing societies have been based on an insufficient development of the productive forces in relation to the needs of men. Because of this, with the exception of primitive communism, they have all been divided into social classes with antagonistic interests. This division has led to the appearance of an organ, the state, whose specific function has been to prevent these antagonisms from pulling society apart.

b) Because of the progress in the develop ment of the productive forces stimulated by capitalism, it has become both possible and necessary to transcend capitalism with a society based on the full development of the productive forces, on the abundant satisfac tion of human needs: communism. Such a society will no longer be divided into social classes and because of this will have no need of a state.

c) As in the past, between the two stable societies of capitalism and communism there will be a period of transition during which the old social relations will disappear and new ones put in their place. During this period, social classes and conflicts between them will continue to exist, and so therefore will an organ whose function is to prevent these conflicts endangering the existence of society: the state.

d) The experience of the working class has shown that there can be no organic continuity between this state and the state in capitalist society. For the period of transition from capitalism to communism to get underway, the capitalist state has to be complete ly destroyed on a world scale.

e) The world-wide destruction of the political power of the bourgeoisie is accompanied by the global seizure of power by the proletariat, the only class capable of creating communism. The dictatorship of the proletariat over society will be based on the general organizations of the class: the workers’ councils. Only the working class in its entirety can exert power and undertake the communist transformation of society: in contrast to previous revolution ary classes it cannot delegate power to any particular institution or to any political party, including the workers’ parties themselves.

 

State and dictatorship of the proletariat

Before the experience of the revolution in Russia, marxists had a relatively simple conception of the relationship between the proletariat and the state in the period of transition from capitalism to communism.

Moscow Conferences: A proletarian debate begins in Russia

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Alfred Russel Wallace and his inestimable contribution to the workers' movement

The escape from "natural selection" through the development of humanity

 The most important point first: immediately following are the words of Alfred Russel

Discussion: Opportunism and centrism in the working class and its organizations

In nos. 40, 41 and 42 of the International Review we published articles bearing on a debate which has been carried on in the ICC for more than two years.

On the Party and its relationship to the class

1.

Counter-resolution on the class struggle

The proletarian struggle in Poland has marked a new and decisive step forward in the continuing process of mass strike which began with the struggles at Denain and Longwy, reemerged in the docker

The rise of agriculture, and the non-linear but progressive development of prehistoric society

We are publishing here a contribution from a comrade on the question of the pre-history of humanity. We welcome comments on this article in order to develop the discussion.

A view on Charles Darwin’s 'Descent of Man...' and its contribution to the workers’ movement

The first element of production is reproduction and it's this element of reproduction that forms the basis for so much of Darwin'swork.

Polemic: Class consciousness and the Party

Preliminary Introduction:

Internal debate: Centrist slidings towards councilism

The function of revolutionary organizations: The danger of councilism

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Debate: On the critique of the theory of the "weakest link"

Polemic: Doubts about the working class

Polemic: In the light of the events in Poland -- the role of revolutionaries

The Italian Left, 1922-1937

The Italian Fraction, founded in the Paris suburb of Pantin in 1928 by a group of militants in exile, saw itself explicitly as taking on the task of educating militants in preparation for the time when the rebirth of class struggle after the defeat of the 1917 Russian Revolution would reach a point when the creation of a new Party - a new International - would be both possible and necessary.

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