Themes for reflection and discussion

Comrades will find here a number of articles which we have grouped in themes which seem to us important for the struggle of the working class, for the working class' understanding of its own history, and for its reflection on the future of which it bears the seeds.

We hope that these articles will provoke both thought and discussion. We encourage our readers to discuss them on the site's Forum and to make their own proposals for themes which could be treated here.

Communism is not just a nice idea, but a material necessity

    Communism is not just a nice idea, but a material necessity
    Communism and the 19th century workers' movement

    As the 19th century opened, the reflection of a nascent working class on its own perspective was dominated by the magnificent but still naive ideas of the Utopian socialists: Fourier, Robert Owen, and others. But the workers' movement won to its cause one of the century's greatest thinkers: Karl Marx. And in terms of thinking about the communist project, the rest of the century was largely dominated by the development of marxism, and by two great revolutionary efforts by the proletariat: the 1848 revolutions, and above all, the Paris Commune.

    Communism is not just a nice idea, but a material necessity
    The communist programme in the revolutions of 1917-1923

    In 1917, communism was no longer a distant goal which could only be explored in theory on the basis of partial experiences like the Paris Commune. Suddenly, the question of what communism means and how to get there became urgent and immediate. In this section, we chart the answers - necessarily partial, given the circumstances - proposed by the revolutionaries of the day.

    Communism is not just a nice idea, but a material necessity
    Communism is on the agenda of history

    Following the defeat of the world revolution, and the counter-revolutionary seizure of power by Stalinism in the USSR, the priority for the tiny internationalist groups that had survived the disaster was to understand the reasons for the defeat. This also meant understanding what a real transition to communism, and to some extent communist society itself, would look like.
    In these articles - which begin with a summary of the main ideas contained in the previous articles of the series - we concentrate on the efforts of the Italian Left in exile (around the Bilan group), and the Dutch and French Communist Lefts, during the dark years that before, during, and after World War II.

What is communism?

    What is communism?
    The Perspective of Communism

    A four part series on aspects of the 'Perspective of Communism', originally
    published in Revolution Internationale and World Revolution in the 1970s.

    What is communism?
    Primitive communism and the emergence of the human

    Two articles examine the role of women in the emergence of human culture and solidarity. The ideas developed here are based on a critical approach to the work of French economist Christophe Darmangeat and British anthropologist Chris Knight.

Decadence of capitalism

    Decadence of capitalism
    Crisis Theories
    Decadence of capitalism
    Decadence theory and historical materialism
    Decadence of capitalism
    The world on the brink of environmental disaster

    From 1945 to 1989, the world was divided into two massively armed imperialist blocs: the USA and the USSR. Under these conditions, the critical question facing the working class was that of the balance of forces in the class struggle: would the working class be sufficiently strong to push back the threat of war, and impose its own solution to the crisis.
    With the collapse of the Eastern bloc in 1989, the danger of imperialist world war receded, but this can offer no comfort to the working class: if it fails to overthrow capitalism and establish society on a new basis, then there is a real danger that the whole of human society will collapse into a generalised decomposition, of which the ongoing environmental catastrophe we see around us is a part.

    Decadence of capitalism
    Rejecting the notion of decadence...

    A series of articles replying to Programma Communista and the IBRP on the dangers of rejecting the notion of the decadence of capitalism.

    Decadence of capitalism
    The Decadence of Capitalism

    The Decadence of Capitalism