Printer-friendly versionSend by email

d'Aquili, E. and Newberg, A. R. 1999. The Mystical Mind: Probing the Biology of Religious Experience. Fortress Press.

Arbousset, Thomas and Daumas, Francois. 1836. In Constructing spiritual panoramas: order and chaos in southern African San rock art, by J. D. Lewis-Williams and D. G. Pearce. Rock Art Research Institute Volume 21, 41-61. Pietermaritzburg. December 2009.

de Beaume, Sophie A. 2009. ‘Technical Invention in the Palaeolithic’. Cognitive Archaeology and Human Evolution, 3-14.

Biesele, Megan. 1980. Women Like Meat: The Folklore and Foraging Ideology of the Kalahari Ju'hoani. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Binford, L. R. 1981. Bones, Ancient Man and Modern Myths. New York: Academic Press.

Binford, L. R. 1984. Faunal Remains at Klaisies River Mouth. Orlando: Academic Press. For the "Broad Spectrum Revolution" of Binford and Kent Flannery, see Wikipedia.

Bunn, H. T. & Krull, E. M. 1986. ‘Systematic butchery by Plio-Pleistocene hominids at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania’. Current Anthropology 27, 431-524.

Bunn, H. T. European Society for the Study of Human Evolution. Humans hunted for meat 2 million years ago: 2nd Annual Meeting. 21/22 September, 2012. Also The Guardian, 22.9.12.

Clottes, J., and Lewis-Williams, J. D. 1998 The Shamans of Prehistory: Trance and Magic in the Painted Caves. New York: Harry Abrams.

Cruze-Uribe, Kathryn et al, 2003. ‘Excavation of Buried Late Acheulean (Mid-Quaternary) Land Surfaces at Duinefontein 2, Western Cape Province, South Africa’, Journal of Archaeological Science 30: 539-575 (with R. G. Klein, G. Avery, D. M. Avery, D. Halkett, T. Hart, R. G. Milo, C. G. Sampson and T. P. Volman.

Darwin, Charles. 1871. The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex. Penguin Classics.

Deacon, T W. 1997. The Symbolic Species: The Co-evolution of Language and the Brain. New York: W. W. Norton & Co.

Dominguez-Rodrigo, M. 2002. ‘On cut marks and statistical inferences: methodological comments on Lupo & O'Connell (2002)’: Journal of Archaeological Science. Volume 30, issue 3.

Dominguez-Rodrigo, M. 2003. ‘Cut marked bones from Pliocene sites at Goma, Afar, Ethiopia: implications for the functions of the world's oldest stone tools’. Journal of Human Evolution Volume 48, issue 3.

Engels, Friedrich. 1884. Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State: in the light of researches of Lewis H. Morgan. Hollingen-Zurich.

Engels, Friedrich. 1876. The Part Played By Labour in the Transition of Ape to Man. Progress Publishers, Moscow.

d'Errico, Francesco and Nowell, April. ‘A New Look at the Berekhat Ram Figurine: Implications for the Origins of Symbolism’. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 10, 2000, 123-167.

Hager, Lori D. 1996. ‘Sex differences in the sciatic notch of great apes and modern humans’. Annual Journal of Physical Anthropology Volume 99, issue 2, 287-300.

Hawkes, Kirsten. 2012. ‘Grandmas Made Humans Live Longer’. University of Utah News, 24.10.12.

Horowitz, M. J. 1964. ‘The Imagery of Visual Hallucinations’. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 138: 513-23.

Isaac, G. Ll & Isaac B (eds). 1997. Koobi Fora Research Project. Vol 5. Plio-Pleistocene archaeology. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Kachel, F., Primo, L. S. Primo and Hublin, J-J. 2010. Grandmothering and natural selection. 2010, The Royal Society.

Kluver, H. ‘Mechanisms of Hallucinations’. In Studies in Personality, edited by Q. McNemar and M. A. Merril, 175-207. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Knight, Chris. 1991. Blood Relations Menstruation and the Origins of Culture. Yale University Press, New Haven and London.

Krader, Lawrence, 1986: The Ethnological Notebooks of Karl Marx: Studies of Morgan, Phears, Maine, Lubbock.

Kuhn, Steven L. and Stiner, Mary C. 1997. The earliest Aurignacians of Riparo Moche, (Liguria, Italy). Department of Anthropology University of Arizona.

Laming-Emperaire, A. 1962. La signification de l'art rupestre Paleolithique. Paris Picard.

Levi-Strauss, C. 1963. The Savage Mind. London: Weidenfield and Nicolson; Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lewis-Williams, David. 2002: The Mind in the Cave: Consciousness and the Origins of Art, Thames & Hudson, London.

Mason, R. J. 1962. Cave of Hearths in Prehistory. Johannesburg.

McBrearty, Sally and Brooks, Alison, ‘The revolution that wasn't: a new interpretation of the origin of modern human behaviour’, Journal of Human Evolution 39, 2000, 453-563.

Morgan, Lewis Henry. 1877 Ancient Society or Researches in the Lines of Human Progress from Savagery through Barbarism to Civilisation. MacMillan and Company London.

Movious H. L. 1948. For the tool-delineating Movious Line, proposed by himself in 1948, see Scarre, 2005, below and Wikipedia.

Pannekoek, Anton. 1953. Anthropogenesis: A study of the origin of man. North Holland Publishing.

Pearson. James L. 2002. Shamanism and the Ancient Mind. Altimira Press.

Piperno, Dolores. 2011. Investigating the Diet of Neanderthals. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.

Raphael, Max. 1945. Prehistoric Cave Paintings. Pantheon Books.

Richards, W. 1971. ‘The Fortification Illusions of Migraines’. Scientific American 224: 89-94.

Ritter, Malcolm. 2010. Lucy species used stone tools. Associated Press.

Ruff, C. B. 2002. ‘Variation in human size and shape’. Annual Review of Anthropology Volume 31 211-232.

Scarre, Chris. 2005. The Human Past. World Pre-history & the Development of Human Societies. Thames and Hudson.

Shakespeare, William. 1594. The Most Lamentable Roman Tragedy Of Titus Andronicus. The Folio Society, 1997.

Siegal, R. K. 1977. ‘Hallucinations’, Scientific American 237(4): 132-40.

Spikins, P. A., Rutherford, H. E., and Needham, A. P. 2010. ‘From Hominity to Humanity: Compassion from the earliest archaic to modern humans’. Time and Mind 3.

Stringer, Chris. 2011. the Origin of our Species. Allan Lane, Penguin.

Tryon, C. A. and McBrearty, S., Tephrostratigraphy and the Acheulean to middle stone age transition in the Kapthurin Formation Kenya, Academic Press, 2002.

University of Toronto. 2012. Scientists find evidence that our human ancestors used fire one million years ago. Anthropology and Archaeology Centre. 2.4.2012.

Vico, Giambattista. The New Science of 1744. Trans. Thomas G Bergin & Max H. Fisch. Ithaca. Cornell University Press. 1948.

Volman, Thomas. 1984. ‘Early Prehistory in southern Africa’, in Klein, R.G. (ed) Southern Africa Prehistory and Palaeo-environments: 169-220. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkeman.

Wallace, Alfred Russel. 1864. The Origins of the Human Species and the Antiquity of Man Deduced from the Theory of "Natural Selection". Paper to the Anthropological Society of London, March 1864.

Wilkins, Jane. 2012 ‘Hunters used stone-tipped spears 200,000 years earlier than previously thought’. CBS News, 16.11.12.

Zhu, R. X., Potts, R., Xie, F., Hoffman, K. A., Deng, C. L. et al. 2004. ‘New evidence on the earliest human presence at high northern latitudes in northeast Asia’. Nature 431: 559-62.