The re-emergence of the Taliban marks the defeat of the new world order

5 posts / 0 new
Last post
Internationalis...
The re-emergence of the Taliban marks the defeat of the new world order
Printer-friendly version

The re-emergence of the Taliban marks the defeat of the new world order

                                                             Internationalist Voice

                                            Homepage: www.internationalist.tk

                                          E-mail: [email protected]

                                                              Download as PDF

 

Publication of painful and sad images of Kabul Airport on social media has once again highlighted the current atrocities and barbarism in Afghanistan, for all the world to see. People desperate to escape the brutality of the Taliban have had to run for their lives. Humans have fallen from the fuselage of aeroplanes, and the remains of human bodies have been discovered in the wheels of a plane. A mother who could not enter the airport sent her baby to the other side so that at least the baby would survive... It does not end there, and these images evoke great shame; images that words cannot describe; images that depict the savagery of degenerate capitalism only too well.

In the 1980s, during the Cold War and following the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, at the initiative of Britain and the US, and with the help of Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, the Afghan Mujahideen were formed as infantry in the imperialist policy of the Western Bloc. The Western Bloc trained the Afghan Mujahideen militarily, equipped them with the most modern equipment and provided them with material and propaganda support so that they could better serve the Western Bloc’s imperial interests. Following the collapse of the Eastern Bloc and the domination of Afghanistan by the Islamic Mujahideen, a power struggle broke out between Islamic criminals. At that time, to end the war of power of the Afghan Mujahideen, and to create “stability” in Afghanistan, the Taliban alternative asserted itself as a necessity. In 1994, the Taliban was formed from the Mujahideen with the support of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Pakistan, and with a green light from the US, until it was able to rule all of Afghanistan in 1996 and establish its own Islamic Emirate. Formation of the Islamic Emirate in Afghanistan was the product of a degenerate, dirty capitalist system.

The fact that today the “rabid animals” that call themselves the Taliban are beyond the control of their creators does not make the slightest difference to the nature of the problem. Hamas was created and developed by Israel to reduce the influence of the Palestine Liberation Organization and has been out of Israel’s control for years, becoming a bloody enemy of Israel. The US and Britain produced al-Qaeda and the Afghan Mujahideen in pursuit of their imperialist interests. These entities grew, and as they did so, the US and Britain lost control of them.

In 2001, the US overthrew the Taliban under the guise of humanitarianism and counterterrorism. No economic gain can justify the US invasion of Afghanistan. Was the reason for the US attack on Afghanistan to counter terrorism?

Following the collapse of the Eastern Bloc, the US could no longer exercise its hegemony, as it had during the Cold War. Former allies were pursuing their own interests, and the horizon of new alliances was opening up. The US needed to maintain its hegemony and the hegemony of the dollar. Therefore, in order to maintain its hegemony in the new world order and weaken its rivals, the US launched the Gulf Wars, Afghanistan, Iraq, and so on. These wars were not only meant to line up Europeans behind the US but also, in a way, elicit acceptance of American hegemony from Japan, China and even Russia.

But the US has long had serious problems exercising its hegemony. Europeans are pursuing their own interests, and formation of the European Union not only led to a rise in the euro’s share of economic exchanges but also a significant increase in the Chinese yuan’s share of the market. The US economy is no longer  dominates the global market and can no longer afford to be the gendarmes of the world. NATO has been severely weakened. The Chinese giant has emerged, and Russia, after a long period of inability, wants to play a serious role in global developments. In other words, the game of political chess has changed. The US is losing its position as the world’s police.

Under such circumstances, the US is also pursuing its own agenda in the new global context. The United States must pull out of costly wars in order to use its resources and capabilities to contain new rivals. Focusing on new and strategic competitors such as China has become more important. Under the new circumstances, the US presence in Southeast Asia has a higher priority than its presence in the Middle East. Of course, the United States is unlikely to leave the Middle East, but it will prioritize its capabilities according to its defeats. It also has military bases in Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, and so on.

Contrary to Biden’s claims that the US has achieved its goal of neutralizing terrorism and is therefore leaving Afghanistan, reality would suggest otherwise. Biden is continuing to do what began even before Trump: managing the failure of the new world order. All those countries with some kind of imperialist interest in Afghanistan have been preparing for the post-collapse period of the new world order. The first step in this direction was the opening of a Taliban representative office in Qatar in June 2013, which was more like an embassy (with the flag and logo of the Islamic Emirate) than a representative office. The representative office was one of the centres for Taliban negotiations with foreign powers for political, financial and weapons reinforcements. Pakistan has not only had ties to the Taliban but has been one of the Taliban’s most important supporters. Russia has been in contact with the Taliban for years, and a Taliban delegation has travelled to Moscow at an official invitation. China also has ties to the Taliban. Mullah Ghani Baradar, the Taliban’s deputy leader, also met with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi during his official visit to China. India has spent billions of dollars on hundreds of projects in Afghanistan; the Indians quietly went to Qatar and negotiated with the Taliban. Mike Pompeo’s (US delegation) meeting with Taliban representatives was the last part of managing the failure of the new US world order. Iran also welcomed a delegation from the Taliban in order not to lag behind the convoy.

Pakistan, Turkey, China, Russia and Iran will try to use the weakening of NATO and the US for their own imperialist interests. Although the Taliban’s victory has been in their interests, it will also bring them significant problems in the long run. Taliban victory could fuel Uyghur terrorism in China. Russia fears the Taliban’s rise to power will grow Islamic fundamentalism in Central Asia. Pakistan fears that the Pakistani Taliban will grow and that the “honeymoon” period of the Taliban’s proximity to Islamic criminals in Iran will not last much longer, and so on.

Only three countries – Russia, China and Pakistan – have not evacuated their embassies. The Taliban has described China as a friendly country and said that it would not allow Uyghur terrorists to enter Afghanistan. However, Afghanistan’s stability plays an important role in China’s “one belt and one road” plan. The Taliban has also given guarantees to Russia. The Taliban has stated that it wants good relations with Turkey’s “Islamic Brotherhood” and hopes that cooperation and economic assistance will be part of that relationship. The Taliban is likely to show some tolerance in order to consolidate its position and gain international support with rival criminals, but it will eventually have to come to terms with a new round of tensions. In other words, the rise of the Taliban will not bring stability and security; rather, a new round of crises and tensions will ensue in Afghanistan and the region.

In general, the Taliban’s rise to power will serve to destabilize the region. The modern equipment recently acquired by the Taliban will help further this issue. The US has delivered about $28 billion worth of weapons since the overthrow of the Taliban, to rebuild the Afghan army. The modern weapons that ensured the military superiority of the Afghan army are now in the hands of the Taliban, including modern-day intelligence drones. The US is concerned that some of this equipment could fall into the hands of China or Russia.

The war of big and small gangsters is rooted in the decadence of the capitalist system. Capitalism reeks of blood, filth, war, barbarism, etc., and only the working class can offer an alternative to this barbarism. The global working class has a great responsibility in the absence of Afghan working class intervention. Instead of being cannon fodder in the gangsters’ war, we should try to achieve the communist revolution in order to end the misery of capitalism.

M. Jahangiry

24 August 2021

 

 

 

 

Kamerling
I welcome the statement of

I welcome the statement of the Internationalist Voice on the retreat of the US from Afghanistan. It is important that communist organisations speak out in face of the growing danger of imperialist conflicts and, where it is possible, in a common statement.

The stench of hypocrisy of the western bourgeois regarding the raising to power of the Taliban is almost overwhelming. It cries crocodile tears about the dangers to democracy in Afghanistan and condemns the Taliban for its inhumanity “whilst news of the causalities, killings, rapes and torture inflicted by the ‘democratic’ government and its backers was cynically swept under the carpet” as well as “the blowing to pieces of young and old, women and men, by the shells, bombs and bullets of the government backed by the ‘democratic’, ‘human rights’ loving US and UK.” (Behind the decline of US imperialism, the decline of world capitalism)

You are completely right that “The ‘rabid animals’ that call themselves the Taliban are beyond the control of their creators. (…)  The rise of the Taliban will not bring stability and security; rather, a new round of crises and tensions will ensue in Afghanistan and the region. In general, the Taliban’s rise to power will serve to destabilize the region.” The US has actually left a time bomb of instability in its wake.

The present situation in Afghanistan testifies to the growing chaos in the world of which the US has become an important instigator the USA had now become the main vector of the chaos and instability which marks the phase of capitalist decomposition”. (Behind the decline of US imperialism, the decline of world capitalism)  From world policeman it has become the main propagator of each for himself in the imperialist field.

I only question the statement that “the US is losing its position as the world’s police”. It is true that the US was unable to defeat the Taliban and establish a cohesive state. The withdrawal from Afghanistan expresses the decline of the US in the imperialist arena. The US is no longer able to impose a stable “New World Order”. But this does not mean that the US has been defeated. Moreover, which imperialist power is capable to replace de US?

Therefore “it would be a mistake to conclude from this that the US has simply walked away from the Middle East and Central Asia. Biden has made clear the US will pursue an ‘Over the Horizon’ policy in relation to terrorist threats (in other words, through air strikes). This means that it will use its military bases around the world, its navy and airforce to inflict destruction on states in these regions if they endanger the US.” (Behind the decline of US imperialism, the decline of world capitalism)

Draba
Thanks to Comrade Kamerling for his efforts to make events in Af

Thanks to Comrade Kamerling for his efforts to make events in Afghanistan transparent. I agree with you when you write:

The present situation in Afghanistan testifies to the growing chaos in the world of which the US has become an important instigator...  From world policeman it has become the main propagator of each for himself in the imperialist field.”

As for the question you are asking:

“I only question the statement that “the US is losing its position as the world’s police”.

You have responded very clearly to what you have questioned in the statement:

“The withdrawal from Afghanistan expresses the decline of the US in the imperialist arena. The US is no longer able to impose a stable “New World Order”.”

You ask a new question:

But this does not mean that the US has been defeated. Moreover, which imperialist power is capable to replace de US?”

The answer to your question has been analyzed in detail in a booklet entitled “The New Arrangement of Imperialist Powers in the New Global Conditions”, part of which I quote below, and I hope you will write your opinion:

 “Following the fall of the Eastern bloc, the US was no longer able to exercise its hegemony as it had during the Cold War. Therefore, in order to maintain its hegemony in the new world order and weaken its rivals, the US launched the wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, and so on. The fall of US hegemony in the Middle …The former Western bloc is more fragmented than before. Although NATO has expanded since the end of the Cold War (with France and a number of eastern European countries joining it), internal divisions within NATO member states have intensified…Italy, one of Europe’s most important NATO members (where US nuclear weapons are based) has shown interest in the New Silk Road. The US is imposing sanctions on Turkey, which is a member of NATO, and US nuclear weapons are currently being stored there. Tensions between NATO members Turkey and Greece over oil exploration and drilling have escalated to the point where France has sent a warship to the Mediterranean Sea by way of “regional control”. Britain is distancing itself from other European countries.

...

Will China follow the same path as Britain and then the US? China will make economic progress in the future, and it can even improve its position in the military sphere and expand its influence in the Silk Road countries, especially in Southeast Asia, the Middle East and Africa, but China does not currently have a block leadership strategy, nor is it ideologically able to play such a role in the current context. Therefore, China will not be able to replace the US, at least in the short term.”

 

Kamerling
The US has not been defeated on the level of its military power

Comrade Draba, thanks for your response. My question about the US losing its position as the world’s police was not meant to express a disagreement with the statement of Internationalist Voice on this thread.  IV is right that the US, since it is no longer able to maintain order in the increasingly disorderly world and counter the growing chaos, can no longer play the role of the world’s policeman.

My post was an attempt to understand what the implications of such a position might be. In that sense I wanted to make clear that, although the US did not win the war in Afghanistan, which is also true of nearly all  the wars since the Second World War, it certainly does not mean that the US has been defeated or - in other words - suffered such a defeat that it can no longer be considered as the one and only superpower as the ICT seems to assume in its article Afghanistan: The USA and its Allies Retreat. I think we can agree on this.

The decline of the US as the world's gendarme is already well underway and its supremacy as a power in all areas of capitalist life is coming to an end. On the level of its culture - the American dream and the country with the most democratic constitution - for instance the US is no longer able to overshadow of the rest of the globe. We are witnessing the beginning of the end of the American century, and this process is irreversible.

The conditions of the US withdrawal from Afghanistan have dealt a serious blow to its reliability as an ally. (See for instance the message of China warning Taiwan for the lack of reliability of the US in the defence of its allies) But the withdrawal is mainly an expression of realpolitik. “The US has to free itself of these expensive and debilitating wars in order to concentrate its resources on reinforcing its efforts to contain and undermine China and Russia.” (Behind the decline of US imperialism, the decline of world capitalism)

Therefore I don’t think that Afghanistan has been a defeat on the level of its military power and that the fall of Kabul marks a decisive defeat for American power around the world. “US imperialism, even if it no longer has the strength to be the sole world gendarme in defence of world capitalism, will not do itself the favour of getting out of the way. It will continue to act in defence of world capitalism, together with and against other imperialisms.” (The International Communist Party, La guerra de Afganistán, un ejemplo del desorden mundial generado por el desarrollo caótico y contradictorio del capitalismo en su fase imperialista)

The US is still the greatest economy in the world and able to cripple the economies of its adversaries. Moreover it disposes also of the largest and most sophisticated military force and the capability to inflict considerable damage on any hostile power. At the same time it is true that the capability to destroy is not the ability to control, any more than the thrashing of a bull at a rodeo means it won’t end up locked in a pen at the end of the day. In other words, despite the use of the most sophisticated means of destruction, on their own they will not be enough to control the various parts of the world.

Draba
Will the world working class be able to cope with this chaos?

Comrade Kamerling, thank you for your response.

I agree with you, “The US has not been defeated on the level of its military power, and with its economy, it can cripple the economy of its enemies” America is still the biggest bandit.

The discussion is over that the US, as before, will not be able to exercise its hegemony under the guise of New World Order so that we will face more chaos in the world than ever before. I will mention only a few:

  • Tensions between the US and China are escalating day by day.
  • Recently, the big gangsters (America, Britain, Australia and France) have abandoned the language of diplomacy and openly accused each other of robbery.
  • Recently, tensions in the South Caucasus have intensified, and we have witnessed military manoeuvresand threats against each other. The countries of Azerbaijan, Turkey, Israel, Pakistan, Russia and Iran were involved.

The fundamental question is, will the world working class be able to cope with this chaos?