Why is it that 'new worlds' and international trade routes had been known or pioneered generations (if not centuries) before capital sought to assimilate, subsume, etc. them? Whether through direct physical coercion (colonialism/imperialism) or economic coercion (capital being 'social inertia' that subsumes all other social relations and forms to its needs before breaking and re-forming them as strictly capitalist forms and relations)?
“As regards the opening up of new countries for the world economy, it seems to be quite obvious that this cannot be considered an outside factor which will satisfactorily explain the origin of long waves. The United States have been known for a relatively very long time; for some reason or other they begin to be entangled in the world economy on a major scale only from the middle of the nineteenth century. Likewise, the Argentine and Canada, Australia and New Zealand, were discovered long before the end of the nineteenth century, although they begin to be entwined in the world economy to a significant extent only with the coming of the 1890’s. It is perfectly clear historically that, in the capitalistic economic system, new regions are opened for commerce during those periods in which the desire of old countries for new markets and new sources of raw materials becomes more urgent than theretofore. It is equally apparent that the limits of this expansion of the world economy are determined by the degree of this urgency. If this be true, then the opening of new countries does not provoke the upswing of a long wave. On the contrary, the upswing makes the exploitation of new countries, new markets, and new sources of raw materials necessary and possible, in that it accelerates the pace of capitalistic economic development.” – Nikolai Kondratiev, ‘The Long Waves In Economic Life’ (1935) If markets/effective demand are the keys to capitalist enlarged reproduction, domination, etc. and the lackthereof are the source of its structural crisis with the onset of decadence, it seems odd that it took centuries for capitalism, despite existing knowledge and discoveries, to complete a truly integrated world market and assimilate pre-capitalist markets.