I've been doing research for an article on American soviets, and found this passage about the pro-communist elements of the IWW and central-European (German, Austrian,etc) left communists who emigrated to the US and joined these IWW branches- and actively propogated in organizations of unemployed workers in a region/city ('unemployed councils'):
"Because of the lack of any emancipatory development in existing movements, American labor's 1920 stagnation favored the transplantation of foreign political experiences onto American soil. Later, the Great Depression offered an exceptional opportunity for the consolidation and development of middle-European revolutionary hypotheses. In fact, the latter seemed to provide the only usable tools for understanding the radical mass organizations that were spontaneously formed by the unemployed in the new realities of Hooverville since the vanguard organizations of the whole American labor movement were caught completely unprepared by developments whose causes and results remained incomprehensible. This also explains the impact of German militants connected with the IWW working in the new Chicagoer Arbeiter Zeitung, edited by Mattick, and the Communists' early success in the "unemployed councils." It was within these organizations that the advocates of the "theory of the crisis" were most successful. It was in their educational meetings that their analyses were rigorously developed, as Korsch favorably notes in a letter to Mattick. There, they undertook a critical re-elaboration of the Luxemburgian thesis, which would later constitute the theoretical platform of the Groups of Council Communists and, after 1934, of their journal International Council Correspondence."
I'm curious what ICC members, sympathizers and other readers of this site/forum think about Unemployed Workers Councils, in the past, present and future? Are they a legitimate form of extending the class struggle and organizing the unemployed members of the proletariat? Are they on equal footing with traditional soviets/workers councils?